|Questionnaire for children & pupils|
Our internal clock controls almost every function with a daily rhythm in our body, for instance, the best time to fall asleep and to wake up, to learn, eat, work concentrated, or to go for a run. In addition, our internal clock plays a roll when our hair grows fastest, when coffee, alcohol, tobacco are most effective and in many further functions. To `live against the internal clock` therefore considerably affects our behaviour and health, and this especially in young people during their adolescence. Between the ages of 12 and 22 humans are biologically the latest Chronotypes and exactly at this time in life many pupils are hindered to follow the sleep times given by their internal clocks, but forced instead to follow a social clock, namely the much earlier school bell. For this reason they are amongst those who most intensely have to live against their internal clock and suffer under corresponding `social jetlag`. This directly becomes apparent as sleep deficit, leading to difficulties concentrating, chronic sleepiness and increased susceptibility to stress, which in turn is likely reflected in the daily behaviour. We do know, for example, that the higher the amount of social jetlag in people, the more likely these people tend towards being a smoker, opposed to those with only little or no social jetlag. And, for many people smoking is a countermeasure against stress. As now especially in young people during their adolescence the discrepancy between internal, biological time and external, social time reaches its peak, we hypothesise that this might be one reason why this group is more vulnerable to consume tobacco or related substances. However, how social jetlag, sleep deficit and stress compensation in adolescents interact is still not completely understood today.
The pupils-study will therefore elaborate more details about the influence of the everyday life at school to the internal clock of the individual and how the individual copes temporarily with school days. Our questions regard the sleep-wake behaviour, the commute to and from school, the smoking behaviour and how the individual copes with difficult situations. For our research it is extremely important that all questions get answered as authentic as possible. Wishful thinking – neither representing your own nor the expectations of others – is anything but helpful!
Thank you very much for your interest in our study – follow this link to participate
|Questionnaire for children & pupils